Taekwondo (Korean 태권도/跆拳道 ), English pronunciation /ˌtaɪkwɒnˈdoʊ or /ˌtaɪˈkwɒndoʊ) is a Korean martial art, characterized by its emphasis on head-height kicks, jumping and spinning kicks, and fast kicking techniques.
Taekwondo is a combative sport and was developed during the 1940s and 1950s by Korean martial artists with experience in martial arts such as karate, Chinese martial arts, and indigenous Korean martial arts traditions such as Taekkyeon, Subak, and Gwonbeop. The oldest governing body for taekwondo is the Korea Taekwondo Association (KTA), formed in 1959 through a collaborative effort by representatives from the nine original kwans, or martial arts schools, in Korea. The main international organisational bodies for taekwondo today are the International Taekwon-Do Federation (ITF), founded by Choi Hong Hi in 1966, and the partnership of the Kukkiwon and World Taekwondo (WT, formerly WTF), founded in 1972 and 1973 respectively by the Korea Taekwondo Association.
Gyeorugi ([kjʌɾuɡi]), a type of full-contact sparring, has been an Olympic event since 2000. The governing body for taekwondo in the Olympics and Paralympics is World Taekwondo.
History Beginning in 1945, shortly after the end of World War II, new martial arts schools called kwans opened in Seoul. These schools were established by Korean martial artists with backgrounds in Japanese, Chinese and Korean martial arts. The umbrella term traditional taekwondo typically refers to the martial arts practiced by the kwans during the 1940s and 1950s, though in reality the term "taekwondo" had not yet been coined at that time, and indeed each Kwan (martial art school) was practicing its own unique style of martial art. During this time taekwondo was also adopted for use by the South Korean military, which increased its popularity among civilian martial arts schools. After witnessing a martial arts demonstration by the military in 1952, South Korean President Syngman Rhee urged that the martial arts styles of the kwans be merged. Beginning in 1955 the leaders of the kwans began discussing in earnest the possibility of creating a unified style of Korean martial arts. The name Tae Soo Do was used to describe this unified style. This name consists of the hanja 跆tae "to stomp, trample", 手 su "hand" and 道 do "way, discipline". Choi Hong Hi advocated the use of the name Tae Kwon Do, i.e. replacing su "hand" by 拳 kwon (Revised Romanization: gwon; McCune–Reischauer: kkwŏn) "fist", the term also used for "martial arts" in Chinese (pinyin quán). The new name was initially slow to catch on among the leaders of the kwans. In 1959 the Korea Taekwondo Association (KTA) was established to facilitate the unification of Korean martial arts. In 1966, Choi broke with the KTA to establish the International Taekwon-Do Federation (ITF) - a separate governing body devoted to institutionalizing his own style of taekwondo. Cold War politics of the 1960s and 1970s complicated the adoption of ITF-style taekwondo as a unified style, however. The South Korean government wished to avoid North Korean influence on the martial art. Conversely, ITF president Choi Hong Hi sought support for the martial art from all quarters, including North Korea. In response, in 1973 South Korea withdrew its support for the ITF. The ITF continued to function as an independent federation, then headquartered in Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Choi continued to develop the ITF-style, notably with the 1987 publication of his Encyclopedia of Taekwondo. After Choi's retirement, the ITF split in 2001 and then again in 2002 to create three separate federations each of which continues to operate today under the same name. In 1973 the South Korean government's Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism established the Kukkiwon as the new national academy for taekwondo. Kukkiwon now serves many of the functions previously served by the KTA, in terms of defining a government-sponsored unified style of taekwondo. In 1973 the KTA and Kukkiwon supported the establishment of the World Taekwondo Federation (WTF, renamed to World Taekwondo in 2017 due to confusion with the initialism) to promote taekwondo specifically as an international sport. WT competitions employ Kukkiwon-style taekwondo. For this reason, Kukkiwon-style taekwondo is often referred to as WT-style taekwondo, sport-style taekwondo, or Olympic-style taekwondo, though in reality the style is defined by the Kukkiwon, not the WT. Since 2000, taekwondo has been one of only two Asian martial arts (the other being judo) that are included in the Olympic Games. It started as a demonstration event at the 1988 games in Seoul, a year after becoming a medal event at the Pan Am Games, and became an official medal event at the 2000 games in Sydney. In 2010, taekwondo was accepted as a Commonwealth Games sport.
Taekwondo was introduced to Afghanistan in 1972 by Grand Master Phil Cunningham, Jr., a Professor of Engineering at Kabul University. Cunningham was an avid follower of the discipline and delighted in introducing this exciting sport to his Kabul University students. In 2018, Grand Master Phil Cunningham was a legend in Afghanistan and his good work will be known to future generations. Taekwondo’s humble beginnings at an academic institution opened the sport of Taekwondo to a large number of youth who learned chiefessays.net the sport in its basic and classical form and went on to create the first of what would become many Taekwondo Sport Clubs in the capital city of Kabul. Among the first students of Taekwondo in Afghanistan who learned the sport under Grand Master Cunningham are Master Akbar Haidary, Master Homayon, Master Khalil Haidary, Master Atiqullah, Master Habib, and Master Assad Oryakhil. These early students of Taekwondo in Afghanistan are credited with the growing popularity and spread of the sport throughout the country. Each of these Afghan Taekwondo Masters credit Grand Master Phil Cunningham, Jr. with building their capacity to manage Taekwondo on their own and to open their own Taekwondo clubs in Kabul. Master Akbar Haidary opened the Haidary Taekwondo Club, Master Humayon opened the Maiwand Taekwondo Club, Master Habib opened the Habib Taekwondo Club, and Master Assad Oryakhil opened the Assad Taekwondo Club. Soon after the opening of these clubs, Taekwondo activities expanded rapidly across the country. Throughout the 1970s, Taekwondo spread from the capital city of Kabul to the provinces of Afghanistan. Until 1987, Taekwondo championship events could not be held in Afghanistan because there was no formal Taekwondo Federation in the country. Grand Master Akbar Haidary is credited with introducing Taekwondo to large numbers of young people from across Afghanistan, and in 1987, Senior Master Naser Hotaki, a student of Grand Master Akbar Haidary, introduced Taekwondo Poomsae to the Afghan people. It took time for Taekwondo Poomsae to catch on because ITF was prevalent, but Master Hotaki persisted and Poomsae caught on. When Grant Master Akbar Haidary left Afghanistan in 1987, Grand Master Ziaulhaq Bakhshi took on leadership of the Haidary Taekwondo Club and built its membership to such a high level that new students had to wait months for a space to open. Under the leadership of GM Bakhshi, hundreds of Black Belts have graduated from the Haidary Taekwondo Club, which subsequently became the first Afghan Sports Association, called the Haidary Taekwondo Association. In 1992, the Afghanistan National Taekwondo Federation was founded and registered with the World Taekwondo Federation. That year, the Taekwondo Federation of Afghanistan held its first National Taekwondo Championship to select the Afghan autobiography essay topics National Taekwondo Team that attended the International Taekwondo Championships in Hiroshima, Japan. The Haidary Taekwondo Association played a critical role in the creation of the Afghanistan National Taekwondo Federation. Grand Master Ziaulhaq Bakhshi and Grand Master Yousof Deldar, the first President of the ANTF, along with other Afghan Taekwondo Masters introduced the ANTF to the Afghanistan Sports Department. The ANTF was welcomed by the Afghan Government. The ANTF won its first Gold Medal after a stellar performance by Senior Master Noor Ahmad Dilsoz. Over the past four decades, hundreds of Taekwondo Masters and Black Belts have emerged in the Afghan sports community. The ANTF has graduated many National Taekwondo Referees and has introduced the most male and female trainers to the Afghan sports community in recent years. The Haidary Taekwondo Association has identified and recruited Taekwondo players from clubs across Afghanistan and prepared them for national, international, and Olympic championship competitions. From humble beginnings at Kabul University in 1972, Taekwondo has taken its place as a major sport across Afghanistan, with many heroes to its name. Sincere gratitude goes to Grand Master Akbar Haidary, Grand Master Ziaulhaq Bakhshi, Senior Master Naser Hotaki Senior Master Noor Ahmad Dilsoze, and Senior Master Hussain Wahdat for their extensive work to develop this field of sport for Afghanistan
Attitudes towards the future and improving Taekwondo for the next generation .
To make opportunities of Sport for next generations